Social benefits and costs of large scale research infrastructures
Massimo Florio and Emanuela Sirtori. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 112, 65-78
“This paper explores some of the methodological issues involved in a cost–benefit analysis framework for large scale capital-intensive research infrastructures. We propose a conceptual model based on the estimation of quantities and shadow prices of cost aggregates, and of six main categories of economic benefits: technological spillovers, human capital formation, knowledge outputs, cultural effects, services to third parties including consumers, and a public good, the pure value of discovery. We justify the reasons why these benefits of research infrastructures should be often expected to be the core ones in ex-ante project evaluation. Other benefits may be considered as well, but often by qualitative methods only. Empirical approaches are suggested for further applied research.”
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